Issued by US Department of State
Mar 10, 2003
This Public Announcement has been revised to update information on security in the Philippines, particularly on Mindanao. It supersedes the Public Announcement issued January 10, 2003, and expires on September 4, 2003.
The terrorist threat to Americans in the Philippines remains high. In view of a number of security-related incidents and the possibility of future terrorism, kidnappings, and other violence or criminal activity, Americans traveling to or residing in the Philippines are urged to exercise great caution and maintain heightened security awareness. Extremist groups present in Southeast Asia, such as Jemaah Islamiyah, have demonstrated transnational capabilities to carry out attacks against locations where Westerners congregate. Terrorist groups do not distinguish between official and civilian targets.
On March 4, 2003, a bomb exploded at the international airport in Davao, Mindanao, killing at least 20 people, including one American, and injuring over 140 others. Another bomb exploded shortly thereafter in Tagum, the capital of Davao del Norte Province in Mindanao, injuring several people. These incidents follow a bombing outside the Cotabato City Airport on February 20, killing at least one person and injuring twenty others. The Government of the Philippines condemned these bombings as acts of terrorism. During October 2002, at least 20 people were killed, including one American soldier, and more than 100 people were injured in various bombing attacks in Zamboanga City and the surrounding area, and in Kidapawan, Cotabato Province. Similar explosions occurred in December 2002. Other explosive devices have been discovered and defused prior to detonation in these and other areas of Mindanao.
U.S. citizens are urged to defer non-emergency travel to the island of Mindanao due to recurring bombing incidents and other violence and criminal activity. U.S. citizens should avoid all travel to the islands of Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, and Jolo, located in the Sulu archipelago in the extreme southwest of the Philippines due to kidnappings and other criminal activity. Americans residing in Mindanao and in the Sulu archipelago should carefully review their security posture, take appropriate action to secure their well-being, and remain in close contact with the Embassy for current information. As a precaution, the U.S. Government has restricted travel by official personnel to these areas.
A number of bomb-related incidents have also occurred in Metro Manila. On October 18, 2002, an explosion on a bus killed three and injured numerous others. Earlier that same day, a hand grenade exploded at a main intersection in the Makati commercial area and another unexploded grenade was found in the same vicinity. On October 16, 2002, a bomb was discovered and dismantled inside a passenger bus on the regular route from Manila to Laguna Province. The U.S. Embassy urges Americans to avoid crowds and crowded places, including nightclubs and bars, and to exercise special caution in public places, such as shopping malls, or when using public transportation.
The terrorist New People's Army (NPA), the military arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines, operates throughout the Philippines and has issued public threats against U.S. citizens and interests in the Philippines. In January 2002, an American tourist was shot and killed by an unidentified gunman on the slopes of Mt. Pinatubo in Pampanga Province, an area known for NPA activity. Americans are warned to avoid hiking or camping in this area and are advised to exercise caution when traveling elsewhere in the Philippines, due to armed clashes between the New People's Army and government troops in some areas. Extortionists have kidnapped several Filipinos and foreigners, including three American children. Kidnappers operating in Metro Manila and throughout the Philippines have snatched family members of prominent local business leaders and politicians for financial gain, to make a political statement, or as part of business, land, or personal disputes.
The terrorist Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) has issued public threats against U.S. citizens and interests in the Philippines. The Abu Sayyaf Group has taken hostage a number of Filipinos, Americans and foreign tourists since April 2000. Several were freed after substantial ransoms were paid, some escaped or were rescued by military action, and some were killed. In 2002, one American hostage was killed and another injured during a rescue operation after spending more than a year in captivity. Because Abu Sayyaf has demonstrated its ability to travel long distances by boat to kidnap foreigners, it is possible that other locations in the Philippines could be attacked. Accordingly, Americans should defer travel to isolated beach resorts in the southern portion of the Philippines.
U.S. citizens living in or visiting the Philippines are encouraged to register with the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy, located at 1201 Roxas Boulevard, Manila City; tel. (63-2) 523-1001. For further general information on travel to the Philippines, please consult the Department's latest Consular Information Sheet for the Philippines, the Public Announcement for Southeast Asia and the Worldwide Caution, which are available via the Internet at http://travel.state.gov.