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Expat Exchange - Essential Guide to the Health System in Mongolia
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Essential Guide to the Health System in Mongolia

By Betsy Burlingame

Allianz Care
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Summary: Familiarize yourself with the health system in Mongolia. Understand its usage options and constraints for those who choose to move to and reside there, including expats, digital nomads, and retirees.

Mongolia has a public and private healthcare system, both of which are available to foreigners. The public healthcare system is called the Mongolian National Health Insurance System and is used by both locals and foreigners. People generally recommend using public hospitals for serious medical emergencies and major surgery, as they are well-equipped and staffed with experienced medical professionals. Public hospitals in Mongolia are typically clean and well-maintained, and offer a range of services.

Mongolia's Public Healthcare System

Mongolia's public healthcare system is funded by the government and provides free or low-cost medical care to citizens and foreigners. The public healthcare system is comprehensive and covers a range of services, including primary care, hospitalization, and specialist care. The cost of public healthcare is generally low, and foreigners are allowed to use the public healthcare system in Mongolia.

Mongolia's Private Healthcare System

Mongolia also has a private healthcare system, which is used primarily by expats and digital nomads. Private healthcare is more expensive than public healthcare, but it is generally of a higher quality. Private hospitals in Mongolia are well-equipped and staffed with experienced medical professionals, and people generally recommend using private hospitals for serious medical emergencies and major surgery.

Mongolia's Top Hospitals

Mongolia has a number of well-known hospitals, including:

  • National Center for Maternal and Child Health (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar City Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar General Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Eye Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Cardiology Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Oncology Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Orthopedic Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Plastic Surgery Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Dental Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Dermatology Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Ulaanbaatar Mental Health Hospital (public hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi General Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi International Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Women's Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Eye Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Cardiology Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Oncology Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Orthopedic Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Plastic Surgery Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Dental Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Dermatology Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)
  • Gobi Mental Health Hospital (private hospital, Ulaanbaatar)

Health Insurance Companies in Mongolia

The most popular private health insurers in Mongolia are Mongolian Health Insurance, Mongolian Life Insurance, and Mongolian Insurance. These companies offer a range of health insurance plans, including basic health insurance, comprehensive health insurance, and travel insurance. Expats and digital nomads typically use these companies, although some may opt for specialized expat health insurance providers.

Insider Tips from Expats in Mongolia: How to Navigate the Health System

"Mongolia has a public health system that provides basic medical services to its citizens. The country has a network of hospitals and clinics that offer a range of services, including primary care, emergency care, and specialized care. The quality of care varies from region to region, but overall, the medical services in Mongolia are considered to be of a good standard. The country also has a number of private hospitals and clinics that offer more advanced medical services. In addition, there are a number of international organizations that provide medical assistance to those in need," commented one member living in Mongolia.

"Healthcare services in Mongolia are provided by both public and private institutions. The public healthcare system is funded by the government and is available to all citizens. The quality of public healthcare is generally considered to be good, with a focus on preventive care and primary care services. Foreign residents are able to access the public healthcare system, although they may need to pay for some services. Expats in Mongolia can use the public healthcare system, but they may need to pay for some services. In addition, many expats opt to purchase private health insurance to cover any additional costs," commented one member living in Mongolia.

About the Author

Betsy Burlingame Betsy Burlingame is the Founder and President of Expat Exchange and is one of the Founders of Digital Nomad Exchange. She launched Expat Exchange in 1997 as her Master's thesis project at NYU. Prior to Expat Exchange, Betsy worked at AT&T in International and Mass Market Marketing. She graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University with a BA in International Business and German.

Some of Betsy's articles include 12 Best Places to Live in Portugal, 7 Best Places to Live in Panama and 12 Things to Know Before Moving to the Dominican Republic. Betsy loves to travel and spend time with her family. Connect with Betsy on LinkedIn.


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SJB Global is a top-rated financial advisory firm specializing in expat financial advice worldwide, offering retirement planning & tax-efficient solutions with a regressive fee model.
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