Peru offers a diverse and rich educational system that caters to both local and international students. The system is divided into several stages, each designed to provide students with a comprehensive learning experience. This guide aims to provide expats with a detailed overview of the Peruvian educational system, including the main stages of education, enrollment procedures, language requirements, availability of bilingual schools, types of private schools, costs, and alternatives such as homeschooling and online schooling.
What are the main stages of education in Peru?
The Peruvian educational system is divided into three main stages: Initial Education (Educación Inicial), Primary Education (Educación Primaria), and Secondary Education (Educación Secundaria). Each stage is designed to cater to different age groups and focuses on different areas of learning.
Initial Education (Educación Inicial)
Initial Education in Peru is for children aged 3 to 5 years old. This stage focuses on the holistic development of the child, including cognitive, physical, social, and emotional aspects. It is not mandatory but is highly recommended to prepare children for primary education.
Primary Education (Educación Primaria)
Primary Education in Peru is for children aged 6 to 11 years old. It is compulsory and focuses on basic literacy, numeracy, and social science skills. The curriculum also includes subjects like art, physical education, and foreign languages.
Secondary Education (Educación Secundaria)
Secondary Education in Peru is for students aged 12 to 16 years old. It is also compulsory and includes a broader range of subjects, including mathematics, science, social studies, and languages. This stage prepares students for higher education or vocational training.
How does a newcomer from a different country enroll their kids in school?
To enroll a child in a Peruvian school, parents or guardians must provide a birth certificate, proof of residence, and previous school records. If these documents are in a language other than Spanish, they must be translated and notarized. It’s also recommended to contact the school directly for specific enrollment procedures.
Can children still learning Spanish enroll in a public school?
Yes, children who are still learning Spanish can enroll in public schools in Peru. However, it’s important to note that the medium of instruction in public schools is Spanish. Some schools may offer additional language support for non-native speakers.
Are there public bilingual schools?
Yes, there are public bilingual schools in Peru, particularly in major cities like Lima. These schools offer instruction in both Spanish and English. Admission procedures vary, so it’s best to contact the school directly for specific information.
What types of private schools are common in Peru?
Private schools in Peru include Catholic schools, international schools, and bilingual schools. Catholic schools follow a religious-based curriculum, while international schools follow international curriculums like the International Baccalaureate. Bilingual schools offer instruction in both Spanish and English.
Do expats typically send their children to public or private school?
Expats in Peru typically send their children to private schools, particularly international or bilingual schools. These schools offer a more familiar curriculum and language of instruction, making the transition easier for expat children.
How expensive are Private schools in Peru?
The cost of private schools in Peru varies widely, depending on the type of school and its location. On average, annual tuition can range from $1,000 to $10,000. It’s recommended to contact the school directly for specific tuition information.
Are you allowed to homeschool while living in Peru?
Yes, homeschooling is allowed in Peru. However, it’s important to note that the Peruvian Ministry of Education must approve the homeschooling curriculum. Parents or guardians must also ensure that their child takes the necessary exams to progress to the next educational stage.
May kids attend online school instead of a local school while living in Peru?
Yes, online schooling is an option in Peru. However, it’s important to ensure that the online school is accredited and that the curriculum meets the requirements of the Peruvian Ministry of Education. It’s also worth noting that online schooling may not provide the same social and cultural experiences as attending a local school.