Relocating to a new country can be a daunting experience, especially when it comes to understanding the educational system for your children. Romania, a country rich in history and culture, offers a unique educational structure that may differ from what you’re accustomed to. This guide aims to provide expats with a comprehensive overview of the Romanian educational system, including the main stages of education, enrollment procedures, language requirements, public and private school options, and alternative schooling methods such as homeschooling and online schooling.
What are the main stages of education in Romania?
The Romanian educational system is divided into several stages: preschool (gr?dini??), primary school (?coal? primar?), lower secondary school (gimnaziu), upper secondary school (liceu), and higher education (universitate). Each stage has a specific focus and caters to different age groups.
Preschool in Romania is for children aged 3 to 6 and focuses on basic social and cognitive skills. It is not mandatory but is highly recommended to prepare children for primary school.
Primary School (?coal? Primar?)
Primary school is for children aged 6 to 10 and covers grades 1 to 4. It focuses on basic literacy, numeracy, and general knowledge. Attendance is mandatory.
Lower Secondary School (Gimnaziu)
Lower secondary school caters to students aged 11 to 14 (grades 5 to 8). It provides a more in-depth study of subjects introduced in primary school and prepares students for upper secondary school.
Upper Secondary School (Liceu)
Upper secondary school is for students aged 15 to 18 (grades 9 to 12). It offers both academic and vocational tracks, culminating in the Baccalaureate exam, which is necessary for university admission.
How does a newcomer from a different country enroll their kids in school?
Enrollment in Romanian schools requires a birth certificate, proof of residence, and a medical certificate. For expats, additional documents such as a passport, visa, and previous school records may be required. It’s advisable to contact the school directly for specific enrollment procedures.
Can my children enroll in a public school if they are still learning Romanian?
Yes, children who are still learning Romanian can enroll in public schools. However, they may need additional language support, which some schools provide. There are also international schools that offer instruction in English and other languages.
Are there public bilingual schools?
Yes, there are public bilingual schools in Romania, particularly in areas with significant ethnic minority populations. These schools offer instruction in both Romanian and the minority language. Admission procedures vary, so it’s best to contact the school directly.
What types of private schools are common in Romania?
Private schools in Romania include international schools, bilingual schools, and religious schools. International schools often follow the curriculum of their home country and offer instruction in English or other languages. Bilingual schools offer instruction in Romanian and another language, while religious schools incorporate religious education into their curriculum.
Do expats typically send their children to public or private school?
Many expats in Romania opt for private schools, particularly international schools, due to the language barrier and curriculum differences in public schools. However, some choose public schools for their children to fully immerse in the local culture and language.
How expensive are Private schools in Romania?
Private school fees in Romania vary widely depending on the school and the level of education. On average, annual tuition can range from €1,000 to €10,000. Additional costs may include application fees, uniforms, and extracurricular activities.
Are you allowed to homeschool while living in Romania?
Yes, homeschooling is legal in Romania, but it is not common due to the rigorous process of obtaining approval from the Ministry of Education. Parents who wish to homeschool their children must follow the national curriculum and pass annual assessments.
May kids attend online school instead of a local school while living in Romania?
Yes, online schooling is an option in Romania, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it’s important to ensure that the online school is accredited and meets the standards of the Romanian educational system.