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Enrolling in the Public Healthcare System in Turkmenistan

A primer on how to enroll in the public healthcare system in Turkmenistan.
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If you’re planning to enroll in the public healthcare system in Turkmenistan, this article covers the requirements for foreigners to be able enroll in the public healthcare system, the steps involved and more.

Healthcare in Turkmenistan is a critical aspect for any newcomer to understand. The public healthcare system in Turkmenistan is a state-run system, managed by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry. It is designed to provide free healthcare services to all residents, including foreigners who have obtained residency status. However, it’s important to note that while the system is comprehensive, it has faced criticism for its quality and efficiency.

Overview of the Public Healthcare System in Turkmenistan

The public healthcare system in Turkmenistan is a state-run system, managed by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry. It is designed to provide free healthcare services to all residents, including foreigners who have obtained residency status. However, it’s important to note that while the system is comprehensive, it has faced criticism for its quality and efficiency.

Healthcare is technically free for all residents in Turkmenistan, including hospital stays, medications, and treatments. However, in practice, many patients end up paying for services due to a lack of resources and corruption within the system. Despite this, most people in Turkmenistan rely on the public healthcare system due to the high costs associated with private healthcare.

Enrolling in the Public Healthcare System

Foreigners are allowed to enroll in the public healthcare system once they have obtained residency status in Turkmenistan. The process for enrolling in the public healthcare system is as follows:

  1. Obtain residency status: Before you can enroll in the public healthcare system, you must first obtain residency status in Turkmenistan. This typically involves providing proof of employment or marriage to a Turkmen citizen.
  2. Register with the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry: Once you have obtained residency status, you can register with the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry. This involves filling out a registration form and providing proof of residency.
  3. Receive a health card: After registering, you will receive a health card. This card is used to access free healthcare services in Turkmenistan.

Quality of Healthcare in Turkmenistan

While the public healthcare system in Turkmenistan is comprehensive, it has faced criticism for its quality and efficiency. Many healthcare facilities in Turkmenistan are outdated and lack the necessary resources to provide high-quality care. Additionally, there have been reports of corruption within the system, with patients often having to pay for services that should be free.

As a result, many foreigners living in Turkmenistan choose to use private healthcare or seek treatment abroad. Private healthcare in Turkmenistan is more expensive, but it typically offers a higher standard of care. Additionally, many foreigners choose to take out international health insurance, which can cover the cost of treatment abroad.

In conclusion, while the public healthcare system in Turkmenistan is accessible to foreigners with residency status, it’s important to be aware of its limitations. Many foreigners choose to use private healthcare or seek treatment abroad to ensure they receive the highest standard of care.

Betsy Burlingame Betsy Burlingame is the Founder and President of Expat Exchange and is one of the Founders of Digital Nomad Exchange. She launched Expat Exchange in 1997 as her Master's thesis project at NYU. Prior to Expat Exchange, Betsy worked at AT&T in International and Mass Market Marketing. She graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University with a BA in International Business and German.

Some of Betsy's articles include 12 Best Places to Live in Portugal, 7 Best Places to Live in Panama and 12 Things to Know Before Moving to the Dominican Republic. Betsy loves to travel and spend time with her family. Connect with Betsy on LinkedIn.

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